This has to be one of my favourite castles in the UK. Building started on this castle, the second on the site, in 1270 and largely completed by 1300. It was owned by the Maxwell family and is unique in that it's floor plan is an equilateral triangle surrounded by a large moat. I believe it is the only three sided castle in existance in Scotland.
In 1300 Edward had besieged Caerlaverock Castle during his Scottish wars against king John Balliol. A war still remembered for the brave resistance put up by the Scots under Sir William Wallace.
Located in the Scottish Borders about three miles from Dumfries, the castle of the Lords Maxwell posed a formidable obstacle to the king's plans to control Scotland. In a contemporary poem entitled "The Song of Caerlaverock," Walter of Exeter, a Franciscan friar, chronicled the entire event. This documented the entire siege, the soldiers and knights who were there and how the seige was conducted. It was this "Poem" that fired my interest in medieval heraldry when I came acros it back in 1969.
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